Ancient Egypt comprised two regions; Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. At first, it seems strange when you realize Upper Egypt is located in the South while Lower Egypt is situated to the North. However, the geography of these two lands can be best understood when you bring the River Nile into the picture.
Most rivers in the region flow from the North to the South, but the Nile moves the other way – it originates from the South and runs Northwards. Therefore, when naming the two kingdoms, the Ancient Egyptians positioned Upper Egypt to the South since that was the source (top) of the river and Lower Egypt to the North, where the river flowed (bottom).
Here is why the Nile was so valuable in Ancient Egypt:
Source Of Flooding Water And Fertile Soil And Silt
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