What's New?
Find a Rehabilitator
OWREN Courses
OWREN Conferences
Wildlife Rehabilitation
Wildlife Help Pages
Wildlife Health News
Contact Us
Shop OWREN Online

Home | What's New? | Find a Rehabilitator | OWREN Courses | OWREN Conferences | Wildlife Rehabilitation | Wildlife Help Pages | About OWREN | Publications | Wildlife Health News | Contact Us | Shop OWREN Online | Links


Up Wildlife Proofing Coyotes Foxes Raccoons Skunks Squirrels



Wildlife Proofing - Foxes


Fox Facts

  • In Ontario, since 1989, the MNR has maintained a good rabies wildlife control program to limit the number of wildlife that develop rabies through air drop baits, hand dropped baits and through Trap, Vaccinate, Release (TVR) programs. 

  • In short these efforts have prevented wildlife rabies from grabbing an uncontrolled foothold in the province.  These efforts can be disrupted if  individuals engage in trapping and releasing wildlife outside the area they originated in. 

  • The Ministry advises that the removal of foxes from one area will open up territory for unvaccinated foxes to move in and potentially reintroduce the rabies virus.      

  • Foxes are generally territorial and competing for space will sometimes force them to den in residential areas. As long as no one disturbs them they will exist there peacefully. 

  • Their home range is an area about 4 km sq.

  • They breed from Jan-Mar and have a litter on average of six kits with the gestation period being 52 days. 

  • Their lifespan is about 4 years in urban areas.

  • Both mom and pop raise the kits and wean them at about five weeks of age. 

  • They will be mostly active at dusk and dawn, but can be seen sunning themselves in the daytime.  Kits can be active throughout the day, engaged in play. 

  • The kits strike off on their own in the fall.

  • Their natural diet consists of small rodents (making them good natural pest control predators) and they will also eat insects, grass, vegetables, fruits, amphibians. 

  • If natural foods are scarce they will sometimes go after small domestic animals such as cats and rabbits.  They are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plant and vegetable matter.

  • Normal habitat for them are along lakes, wooded streams, and ravine areas but if forced into residential areas they will take advantage of sheds, under decks and brush piles.

Keeping Safe Around Foxes

  • Foxes have never attacked a human being, the only recorded case of an unprovoked attack was a single rabid fox many years ago.

  • Foxes that live in close proximity to humans are not afraid of them and may come close to people while out foraging.

  • Should a fox approach you and is acting strangely, trying to attack people or inanimate objects or other animals, call your local animal control or SPCA for assistance.

  • You can deter them by making loud noises and spraying them with water. 

  • Bear in mind that a fox that is protecting her youngsters, will act strangely to keep them safe from you!  It wouldn’t be unusual for her to growl at you as a warning for you to keep your distance. 

  • Feeding your birds will also attract squirrels which foxes will prey on as well as mice (who are attracted to the droppings).

  • Keep your small pets and children supervised when outdoors, better yet, keep your pets indoors, especially your cats!

Fox Proofing

  • Keep your home well maintained. 

  • Keep all trash well secured in covered containers

Humane Eviction

  • Be sure it’s a fox den.  You’ll see signs of fur at the entrance and food remains nearby.

  • Make that site as unwelcoming as you can.

  • Dig up the entrance to the den

  • At the entrance, place a radio tuned to a talk radio station and turn it up loud. 

  • Some people have had success by placing dog hair and/or human urine soaked rags around the den and at the entrance.

  • Alternatively place rags in empty margarine containers, dampen them with ammonia and place the covers back on them and punch holes in them for the odour to escape.  Place those at the entrance to the den and around the den.

  • Place a bright light at the entrance (use a flashlight if you can’t get power to the area)

  • Use a combination of all three things…light, sound and smell as humane harassment and persistently continue to do this for 3-4 days until they move out.

  • Once you’re sure they have moved out fill the den in and follow the steps for putting up security barriers to prevent re-entry.


[Up] [Wildlife Proofing] [Coyotes] [Foxes] [Raccoons] [Skunks] [Squirrels]

Send mail to (at) gmail (dot) com  with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright©1990-2016 - Website design and contents are the property of the Ontario Wildlife Rehabilitation & Education Network and may not be distributed, copied or reproduced without our express written permission. 

This site was designed at a resolution of 1024 x 768 for Microsoft Internet Explorer

Last modified: 09/23/16 08:17 PM